springboot配置slf4j日志以及access log日志

一枝梅 3月前 ⋅ 79 阅读

参考文章: http://www.51gjie.com/javaweb/1121.htmlhttps://www.jianshu.com/p/dd9458592633

1.配置logback-spring.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>

<!-- 级别从高到低 OFF 、 FATAL 、 ERROR 、 WARN 、 INFO 、 DEBUG 、 TRACE 、 ALL -->
<!-- 日志输出规则 根据当前ROOT 级别,日志输出时,级别高于root默认的级别时 会输出 -->
<!-- 以下 每个配置的 filter 是过滤掉输出文件里面,会出现高级别文件,依然出现低级别的日志信息,通过filter 过滤只记录本级别的日志 -->
<!-- scan 当此属性设置为true时,配置文件如果发生改变,将会被重新加载,默认值为true。 -->
<!-- scanPeriod 设置监测配置文件是否有修改的时间间隔,如果没有给出时间单位,默认单位是毫秒。当scan为true时,此属性生效。默认的时间间隔为1分钟。 -->
<!-- debug 当此属性设置为true时,将打印出logback内部日志信息,实时查看logback运行状态。默认值为false。 -->
<configuration scan="true" scanPeriod="60 seconds" debug="false">

    <!-- 动态日志级别 -->
    <jmxConfigurator/>

    <!-- 定义日志文件 输出位置 -->
    <property name="log.home_dir" value="./logs"/>
    <property name="log.app_name" value="http-demo"/>
    <!-- 日志最大的历史 30天 -->
    <property name="log.maxHistory" value="30"/>
    <property name="log.level" value="info"/>
    <property name="log.maxSize" value="5MB" />

    <!-- ConsoleAppender 控制台输出日志 -->
    <appender name="CONSOLE" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder>
            <pattern>
                <!-- 设置日志输出格式 -->
                %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%-5level] [%thread] %logger - %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <!-- ERROR级别日志 -->
    <!-- 滚动记录文件,先将日志记录到指定文件,当符合某个条件时,将日志记录到其他文件 RollingFileAppender -->
    <appender name="ERROR" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <!-- 过滤器,只记录WARN级别的日志 -->
        <!-- 果日志级别等于配置级别,过滤器会根据onMath 和 onMismatch接收或拒绝日志。 -->
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <!-- 设置过滤级别 -->
            <level>ERROR</level>
            <!-- 用于配置符合过滤条件的操作 -->
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <!-- 用于配置不符合过滤条件的操作 -->
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <!-- 最常用的滚动策略,它根据时间来制定滚动策略.既负责滚动也负责触发滚动 -->
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <!--日志输出位置 可相对、和绝对路径 -->
            <fileNamePattern>
                ${log.home_dir}/error/%d{yyyy-MM-dd}/${log.app_name}-%i.log
            </fileNamePattern>
            <!-- 可选节点,控制保留的归档文件的最大数量,超出数量就删除旧文件,假设设置每个月滚动,且<maxHistory>是6,
            则只保存最近6个月的文件,删除之前的旧文件。注意,删除旧文件是,那些为了归档而创建的目录也会被删除 -->
            <maxHistory>${log.maxHistory}</maxHistory>
            <!--日志文件最大的大小-->
            <MaxFileSize>${log.maxSize}</MaxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>
                <!-- 设置日志输出格式 -->
                %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{50} - %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <!-- INFO级别日志 appender -->
    <appender name="INFO" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>INFO</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${log.home_dir}/info/%d{yyyy-MM-dd}/${log.app_name}-%i.log</fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>${log.maxHistory}</maxHistory>
            <MaxFileSize>${log.maxSize}</MaxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%-5level] %logger - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>


    <!-- DEBUG级别日志 appender -->
    <appender name="DEBUG" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>DEBUG</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${log.home_dir}/debug/%d{yyyy-MM-dd}/${log.app_name}-%i.log</fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>${log.maxHistory}</maxHistory>
            <MaxFileSize>${log.maxSize}</MaxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%-5level] %logger - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <!--设置一个向上传递的appender,所有级别的日志都会输出-->
    <appender name="app" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${log.home_dir}/app/%d{yyyy-MM-dd}/${log.app_name}-%i.log</fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>${log.maxHistory}</maxHistory>
            <MaxFileSize>${log.maxSize}</MaxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%-5level] %logger - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

<!--    <appender name="ACCESS" class="com.kdyzm.validation.spring.bootdemo.AccessLogInterceptor">
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${log.home_dir}/access/%d{yyyy-MM-dd}/${log.app_name}-%i.log</fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>${log.maxHistory}</maxHistory>
            <MaxFileSize>${log.maxSize}</MaxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%-5level] %logger - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>-->

    <!--org.springframework.web包下的类的日志输出-->
    <logger name="org.springframework.web" additivity="false" level="INFO">
        <appender-ref ref="INFO"/>
    </logger>
    <!--com.zgd包下的类的日志输出-->
    <logger name="com.kdyzm" additivity="false" level="DEBUG" >
        <appender-ref ref="app" />
        <appender-ref ref="ERROR" />
        <!--打印控制台-->
        <appender-ref ref="CONSOLE" />
    </logger>

    <!-- root级别   DEBUG -->
    <root>
        <!-- 打印debug级别日志及以上级别日志 -->
        <level value="${log.level}"/>
        <!-- 控制台输出 -->
        <appender-ref ref="CONSOLE"/>
        <!-- 不管什么包下的日志都输出文件 -->
        <appender-ref ref="ERROR"/>
    </root>
</configuration>

2.配置access log

第一步,配置springmvc拦截器AccessLogInterceptor

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.slf4j.MDC;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * @author kdyzm
 */
@Component
public class AccessLogInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

    private static final Logger ACCESS_LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger("ACCESS");

    private static final String SEPARATOR = " ";

    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                             Object handler) {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, ModelAndView modelAndView) {

    }

    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                                Object handler, Exception ex) {
        //domain & uri & refer
        String domain = request.getServerName();
        String uri = request.getRequestURI();
        String refer = request.getHeader("Referer");
        final String token = request.getHeader("x-auth-token");
        final String installation_ID = request.getHeader("Installation-ID");

        //traceId
        String traceId = request.getHeader("X-B3-TraceId");
        if (StringUtils.isEmpty(traceId)) {
            traceId = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        }
        MDC.put("X-B3-TraceId", traceId);

        String remoteIp = getRemoteAddr(request);
        String userAgent = request.getHeader("User-Agent");
        Map<String, String> paramPair = getRequestParamValueMap(request);

        printAccesslog(traceId, remoteIp, "", "", domain, uri, refer, userAgent, paramPair);
    }

    //打印access log
    private void printAccesslog(String traceId, String remoteIp, String userId, String userName,
                                String domain, String uri, String refer,
                                String userAgent, Map<String, String> paramPair) {

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        long timestamp = System.currentTimeMillis();
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(timestamp);
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(remoteIp);
//        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(userId);
//        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(userName);
        //RequestId用于定位access log与业务log
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(traceId);
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(domain);
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(uri);
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(refer);
        sb.append(SEPARATOR).append(userAgent);
        //将参数map打印成json格式,利于统计分析
        sb.append(SEPARATOR);

        ACCESS_LOG.info(sb.toString());
    }

    private String getRemoteAddr(HttpServletRequest request) {
        String ip;
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Enumeration<String> xffs = request.getHeaders("X-Forwarded-For");
        if (xffs.hasMoreElements()) {
            String xff = xffs.nextElement();
            ip = resolveClientIPFromXFF(xff);
            if (isValidIP(ip)) {
                return ip;
            }
        }
        ip = request.getHeader("Proxy-Client-IP");
        if (isValidIP(ip)) {
            return ip;
        }
        ip = request.getHeader("WL-Proxy-Client-IP");
        if (isValidIP(ip)) {
            return ip;
        }
        return request.getRemoteAddr();
    }

    /**
     * 从X-Forwarded-For头部中获取客户端的真实IP。 X-Forwarded-For并不是RFC定义的标准HTTP请求Header
     * ,可以参考http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-Forwarded-For
     *
     * @param xff X-Forwarded-For头部的值
     * @return 如果能够解析到client IP,则返回表示该IP的字符串,否则返回null
     */
    private String resolveClientIPFromXFF(String xff) {
        if (xff == null || xff.isEmpty()) {
            return null;
        }
        String[] ss = xff.split(",");
        for (int i = ss.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {// x-forward-for链反向遍历
            String ip = ss[i].trim();
            if (isValidIP(ip)) {
                return ip;
            }
        }

        return null;
    }

    private static final Pattern ipPattern = Pattern.compile("([0-9]{1,3}\\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}");

    private boolean isValidIP(String ip) {
        if (ip == null || ip.isEmpty() || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
            return false;
        }
        return ipPattern.matcher(ip).matches();
    }

    private Map<String, String> getRequestParamValueMap(HttpServletRequest request) {
        Map<String,String> param2value = new HashMap<>();
        Enumeration e = request.getParameterNames();
        String param;

        while(e.hasMoreElements()) {
            param = (String)e.nextElement();
            if(param != null) {
                String value = request.getParameter(param);
                if(value != null) {
                    param2value.put(param, value);
                }
            }
        }

        return param2value;
    }
}

第二步,注册到register

import com.kdyzm.validation.spring.bootdemo.AccessLogInterceptor;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.InterceptorRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurer;

/**
 * @author kdyzm
 */
@Configuration
public class ApiWebMvcConfig implements WebMvcConfigurer {

    @Autowired
    private AccessLogInterceptor accessLogInterceptor;

    @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(accessLogInterceptor).addPathPatterns("/**");
    }
}

#java #logback #accesslog #springboot
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